Snakes in Virginia

Virginia has over 30 snake species, of which three are considered venomous. Though the timber rattlesnake has more potent venom than the copperhead, the latter is found more abundantly, found throughout the state. In contrast, the timber rattlesnake has a limited range confined to the mountainous terrain of western Virginia, and a small area in the southeastern corner. The cottonmouth also inhabits southeastern Virginia, mainly the southern regions of Chesapeake, and Virginia beach.

Snakes in Virginia (VA)
RattlesnakesTimber Rattlesnake  
Pit VipersEastern Copperhead Cottonmouth
Water SnakesPlain-bellied Watersnake Common Watersnake
Brown Water Snake
Kingsnakes Northern Mole Kingsnake Eastern Kingsnake
Black Kingsnake
Scarlet Kingsnake
Eastern Milksnake
Garter SnakesCommon Ribbon Snake
Eastern Garter Snake
Hognose SnakesEastern Hog-nosed Snake
DiadophisNorthern Ringneck Snake Southern Ringneck Snake
ColuberNorthern Black Racer
FaranciaCommon Rainbow Snake Eastern Mud Snake
CemophoraNorthern Scarlet Snake
CarphophisEastern Worm Snake
VirginiaRough Earth Snake
Mountain Earthsnake
Eastern Smooth Earthsnake
LiodytesCrayfish Snake
OpheodrysNorthern Rough Greensnake Smooth Greensnake

Corn Snake
Eastern Rat Snake
PituophisPine Snake
Storeria DeKay’s Brown Snake
Red Belly Snake
ReginaQueen Snake
TantillaSoutheastern Crown Snake

Snakes by Colors and Patterns

Black Snakes: Northern Black Racer, Black Kingsnake, Eastern Rat Snake, Black Rat Snake

Brown Snakes: Brown Water Snake, DeKay’s Brown Snake

Green Snakes: Smooth Green Snake, Northern Rough Green Snake

Snakes by Regions

Snakes in Northern Virginia: Eastern Garter Snake, DeKay’s Brown Snake, Northern Ring-necked Snake

Snakes in Southern Virginia: Timber Rattlesnake, Common Watersnake , Cottonmouth , Eastern Smooth Earth Snake

Quick Information 

Most Dangerous Snake: Eastern Copperhead