Snakes in North Carolina

North Carolina has six venomous and around 32 non-venomous species living in the state. Though the eastern coral snake, and the eastern diamondback rattlesnake, possesses a more powerful and toxic venom, they aren’t common here. The most commonly encountered venomous snake in North Carolina is the eastern copperhead, inhabiting woodlands and rocky slopes.
Of the rattlers, the timber rattlesnake dwells along the mountainous terrain of the western parts of North Carolina. The yellow phase (yellow or tan body with brown or black crossbands) is more common than the black phase. Most snakes in North Carolina become active between March and April while hibernating during winter.
The largest snake here is the Coachwhip, with a length of 42-60 inches, closely followed by the black rat snake, around 40-70 inches. The eastern worm snake is the smallest, measuring 7-14 inches.

Snakes in North Carolina (NC)
RattlesnakesTimber Rattlesnake
Pygmy Rattlesnake
Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Coral SnakesEastern Coral Snake
Pit VipersCottonmouth
Water SnakesPlain-bellied Water Snake
Common Water Snake
Banded Water Snake
Brown Water Snake
Garter SnakesEastern Ribbon Snake
Eastern Garter Snake
Whip SnakesCoachwhip
KingsnakesEastern Milk Snake
Eastern Kingsnake
Scarlet Kingsnake
Mole Kingsnake
Hognose SnakesEastern Hognose
Southern Hognose
CemophoraScarlet Snake
CarphophisEastern Worm Snake
LiodytesBlack Swamp Snake
Glossy Crayfish Snake
ColuberEastern Racer
StoreriaRed Belly Snake
DeKay’s Brown Snake
OpheodrysRough Green Snake
FaranciaRainbow Snake
Mud Snake
PantherophisBlack Rat Snake
Corn Snake

Southeastern Crowned Snake
VirginiaRough Earth Snake
Smooth Earth Snake
PituophisPine Snake
DiadophisRing-necked Snake

Pine Woods Snake
ReginaQueen Snake

Snakes by Colors and Patterns

Black Snakes: Black Rat Snake, Mud Snake, Black Swamp Snake

Brown Snakes: Queen Snake, Eastern Worm Snake, Cottonmouth

Quick Information

Largest Snake: Coachwhip

Smallest Snake: Eastern Worm Snake

Most Dangerous Snake: Copperhead