Saharan Sand Boa

Saharan sand boa or West African sand boa is a species or constrictor belonging to the Eryx or Old World sand boa genus. It is native to the African continent.

The species is also known as the Müller’s sand boa in honor of Fritz Müller, the Swiss herpetologist.

Scientific Classifications

  • Suborder:Serpentes
  • Family:Boidae
  • Genus:Eryx
  • Species:E. muelleri

Conservation Status

Not EvaluatedNE

Not Evaluated

Data DeficientDD

Data Deficient

Least ConcernLC

Least Concern

Near ThreatenedNT

Near Threatened





Critically EndangeredCR

Critically Endangered

Extinct in the wildEW

Extinct in the wild




  • Eryx muelleri muelleri
  • Eryx muelleri subniger



Saharan Sand Boa Picture

Adults can grow over 2 feet in length.

Color and Appearance

The snakes have a vibrant yellow or orange base color, with dark brown rounded or oval blotches running down the back and sides. The hooklike formation or ‘claw’ at the end of its tail is one of the most important identifying features that help distinguish this species from the more common Kenyan sand boa.

Are they Dangerous to Humans

One of the most docile boa species, the Saharan sand boas pose no danger to humans or pets. They are relatively more active than the Kenyan sand boa but don’t bite or mind being handled. So, they make excellent pets, being a good option for beginners.

Saharan Sand Boa at a Glance


African countries, including the Central African Republic, Cameroon, the Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Chad, Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Benin, Sudan, Niger, and Togo


Arid and semi-arid regions with loose soil, dunes with vegetative growth, and savannah.


These snakes can live for up to 20 years, especially when kept as pets, and with good care.


Birds of prey and monitor lizard


Small rodents, amphibians, and reptiles 


Oviparous (egg-laying)

Care Sheet

Eryx muelleri

Size of the Enclosure: A 40-gallon tank would be ideal for a full-grown adult

Temperature: The tank temperature should range between 75°F and 85°F, while the hot spot should be around 95°F.

Humidity: 30-40%

Substrate: 5-7 inches of aspen bedding as they also like to ‘burrow’ in their captive habitat. 


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