Madagascar Ground Boa

Madagascar ground boa, as the name suggests, is endemic to the island of Madagascar. It is also known by the names Madagascar boa and Malagasy boa. The carnivores hunt at night and spend a major part of their life on the ground. They camouflage themselves in leaf litter and wait for their prey before striking.

Scientific Classifications

Conservation Status

Not EvaluatedNE

Not Evaluated

Data DeficientDD

Data Deficient

Least ConcernLC

Least Concern

Near ThreatenedNT

Near Threatened





Critically EndangeredCR

Critically Endangered

Extinct in the wildEW

Extinct in the wild





Full Grown Madagascar Ground Boa

The constrictor’s average length of 8 ft (2.44 m) makes it the largest snake in its native land. Adult females can reach up to 10 ft (3.05 m) in length, while the males are smaller.

Color and Appearance

The background color is a combination of pale reddish-brown and gray overlaid with a rhomb pattern on the dorsal side outlined with brown or black. It lends a vague zig-zag look to the snake. A series of black ovoid patterns with reddish blotches on the sides often have a white center or border.



The species can be found in Madagascar’s central, western, and northern parts.


Sparse, open woodlands like the dry deciduous forests of Madagascar are its natural habitat.

Madagascar Boa

It takes shelter in fallen trees, debris piles, and mammal burrows that offer protection.


It lives for around 19 years.


Its natural predators are birds of prey, fossa, and other snakes.


It preys on birds and small mammals, including bats, rodents, tenrecs, ducks, and lemurs.

Acrantophis madagascariensis


Ovoviviparous (gives birth to live young from eggs that hatch inside the body)

Brumation occurs in the cool and dry winter, usually May through July. Mating takes place immediately afterward, with the females courted and copulated by multiple males. The gestation period extends for 4-6 months post which a female gives birth to 4-6 young. The neonates are quite large, 19-24” (48-61 cm) in length, and capable of feeding on small birds and rodents.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *