Black Pine Snake

The black pine snake or black pinesnake is a large and stocky colubrid. They are active hunters during the day but can be active at night, too, during the warmer months. Its dwindling numbers have led it to be federally protected. It is very rare in its range.

Scientific Classifications

  • Suborder:Serpentes
  • Family:Colubridae
  • Genus:Pituophis
  • Species:P. melanoleucus
  • Subspecies:P. m. lodingi

Conservation Status

Not EvaluatedNE

Not Evaluated

Data DeficientDD

Data Deficient

Least ConcernLC

Least Concern

Near ThreatenedNT

Near Threatened





Critically EndangeredCR

Critically Endangered

Extinct in the wildEW

Extinct in the wild





The average size of the black pine snake is 48-64 inches (122-163 cm). The maximum recorded length of the snake is 89 inches (226 cm).

Black Pine Snake Picture

Color and Appearance

The snake has a moderately stout, solid black body, a short tail, and a small head slightly wider than the neck. The belly is solid black or bluish-black, and the pupils are round. The scales are keeled except for some in the lowermost rows, and the anal scute is undivided. The rostral scute is enlarged, with a backward curve ending at a point behind the nostrils.

The young usually have a pattern of black blotches on a brown background along the posterior 3/4th of the body that darkens with age.

Are They Dangerous to Humans 

It hisses loudly, vibrates its tail swiftly, and repeatedly strikes when approached or bothered, but it is harmless to humans.

Black Pine Snakes at a Glance


Its range includes the Coastal Plain from extreme southeastern Louisiana through southern Mississippi to southwestern Alabama. It has been recorded in Clarke, Mobile, and Washington Counties and probably exists in southern Choctaw County in Alabama.


It lives in upland longleaf forests with sandy, well-drained soils.

The black pinesnake is threatened due to habitat loss resulting from land use conversion, including conversion to pine plantations and agriculture, and urban development. The remaining patches of its habitat on privately owned land are degraded, fragmented, and contain second-growth forests.

Black Pinesnake


The black pine snake lives for around 15 years.


It is preyed upon by raccoons, short-tailed shrews, striped skunks, red foxes, domestic cats and dogs.


The powerful constrictor mainly eats pocket gophers. But it can also have other small mammals, bird eggs, and birds as its food.


Oviparous (lays eggs that hatch outside the body)

Mating starts in April and continues till June. 1-2 months after copulation, the females lay 1-24 eggs in burrows. The oval eggs with leathery shells often stick together. They hatch in August and September.

Care Sheet

Size of the Enclosure: An adult can be housed in a wooden cage of dimensions 3ft (length) x 2ft (width) x 2ft (height).

Pituophis melanoleucus lodingi

Temperature: The ambient temperature should be maintained at 75-85°F with a drop of 5-15°F at night. The basking spot should have a temperature of 85-90°F.

Humidity: They need a humidity level of 60-70%.

Substrate: 2-3 inches of pine shavings is ideal for the species as it likes to burrow in it. Other good choices of substrates are aspen bedding and newspaper.

Feeding: Adults can be fed at least one small adult rat every 5-7 days. A juvenile should be given 1-2 mice every 3-4 days. The prey item should be no wider than the broadest part of the snake’s body.


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