Snakes in Kentucky

Snakes are common in the rural regions of Kentucky and are mostly seen between mid or late-April. The five venomous species inhabiting the state thrive in the western, eastern, and southern areas. One significant incident of snake bite in Kentucky happened on the snake bite in Kentucky happened on the 20th of June 2022, with a woman being bitten on the face by a snake hanging on the front door. She recovered from her injuries, though the type of snake that bit her remains unidentified.

The gray rat snake inhabiting backyards, parks in the suburbs, forest edges, and agricultural lands is Kentucky’s largest, measuring around 6 feet.

Snakes in Kentucky (KY)
RattlesnakesPygmy Rattlesnake
Timber Rattlesnake
Western Pygmy Rattlesnake
Pit VipersCopperhead
Water SnakesWestern CottonmouthCommon Watersnake Diamondback Water Snake Banded Water Snake
Plain-bellied Water Snake Copperbelly Water Snake Mississippi Green Watersnake
Whip SnakesCoachwhip
Garter SnakesCommon Gartersnake
Eastern Garter Snake
Western Ribbon Snake
Eastern Ribbon Snake
Ribbon Snake
KingsnakesBlack Kingsnake
Scarlet Kingsnake
Prairie Kingsnake
Eastern Milksnake
Hognose SnakesEastern Hog-nosed Snake
Rat SnakesBlack Rat Snake
Gray Ratsnake
StoreriaDeKay’s Brownsnake
Redbelly Snake
Northern Redbelly Snake
ReginaQueen Snake
OpheodrysRough Green Snake
PituophisPine Snake
ClonophisKirtland’s Snake
CemophoraScarlet Snake
VirginiaSmooth Earth Snake
Tantilla               Southeastern Crowned Snake
FaranciaMud Snake
Western Mud Snake
PantherophisCorn Snake
Diadophis Ring-necked Snake
CarphophisEastern Worm Snake
ColuberEastern Racer

Snakes by Colors and Patterns

Black Snakes: Black Kingsnake, Black Rat Snake, Eastern Racer, Copperbelly Water Snake

Brown Snakes:  Common Gartersnake, DeKay’s Brownsnake, Corn Snake

Snakes by Regions

Snakes in Northern Kentucky: Common Gartersnake, Eastern Milksnake, Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

Snakes in Southern Kentucky:  Pygmy Rattlesnake

Snakes in Eastern Kentucky: Timber Rattlesnake, Copperhead, Rough Green Snake

Snakes in Western Kentucky: Western Cottonmouth, Southeastern Crowned Snake, Diamond-backed Watersnake, Prairie Kingsnake

Quick Information

Biggest Snake:  Gray Rat Snake

Most Venomous Snakes: Timber Rattlesnake, Western Cottonmouth, Western Pygmy Rattlesnake