Snakes in Texas

Texas has around fourteen species of venomous snakes, of which the Texas coral snake, inhabiting the southeastern part, is considered the most venomous. Marked with a black, red, and yellow band like all coral snakes, they mostly dwell along desert regions, grasslands, woodlands, savannas, and mixed forests. The other rattlesnakes, like the western diamondback having a wide range, dwelling along the Trans Peco desert area and southern parts of Texas is no less harmful.

The Texas indigo snake measuring 102 inches, primarily found in south Texas’ Tamaulipan grasslands, is the state’s largest. The Texas blind snake, 3-13 inches long, is the smallest snake found here.

Snakes in Texas (TX)
RattlesnakesTimber Rattlesnake
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
Banded Rock Rattlesnake
Mottled Rock Rattlesnake Mojave Rattlesnake
Eastern Black-tailed Rattlesnake
Prairie Rattlesnake
Desert Massasauga
Western Massasauga
Western Pigmy Rattlesnake
Pit VipersEastern Copperhead Broad-banded Copperhead
Coral SnakesTexas Coral Snake 
Garter SnakesBlackneck Garter Snake
Checkered Garter Snake
Arid Land Ribbon Snake
Western Ribbon Snake
Gulf Coast Ribbon Snake
Redstripe Ribbon Snake
Plains Garter Snake
Texas Garter Snake
New Mexico Garter Snake
Common Garter Snake
Hognose SnakesDusty Hognose Snake
Western Hognose Snake
Eastern Hognose Snake
Mexican Hognose Snake
Water SnakesSaltmarsh Watersnake
Mississippi Green Watersnake
Plain-bellied Watersnake
Broad-banded Watersnake
Florida Watersnake
Brazos Watersnake
Diamondback Watersnake
Concho Watersnake
Midland Watersnake  
KingsnakesGray-banded Kingsnake
Prairie Kingsnake
Speckled Kingsnake
Desert Kingsnake
Western Milksnake  
Whip SnakesEastern Coachwhip
Western Coachwhip
Schott’s Whipsnake
Ruthven’s Whipsnake
Central Texas Whipsnake
Desert Striped Whipsnake  
SalvadoraBig Bend Patch-nose Snake Mountain Patch-nose Snake
Texas Patch-nose Snake
LeptotyphlopsNew Mexico Threadsnake
Plains Threadsnake
South Texas Threadsnake
Trans-Peco Threadsnake  
TropidoclonionTexas Lined Snake
Leptodeira Northern Cat-eyed Snake
PituophisSonoran Gopher Snake
Louisiana Pine Snake
Bull Snake
ArizonaKansas Glossy Snake
Texas Glossy Snake
Painted Desert Glossy Snake
OpheodrysRough Green Snake
Smooth Green Snake  
HypsiglenaTexas Night Snake
CemophoraScarlet Snake
Texas Scarlet snake
IndotyphlopsBrahminy Blind Snake

 Speckled Racer
ReginaGraham’s Crayfish Snake
PantherophisBaird’s Ratsnake
Great Plains Ratsnake
Western Ratsnake
Slowinski’s Corn Snake
StoreriaMarsh Brown Snake
Texas Brown Snake
Redbelly Snake
CarphophisWestern Worm Snake
ColuberButtermilk Racer
Tan Racer Eastern
Yellowbelly Racer
Mexican Racer
Southern Black Racer

Prairie Ringneck Snake
Regal Ringneck Snake
Mississippi Ringneck Snake
NeelapsBlack-striped Snake
RenaTexas Blind Snake
DrymarchonTexas Indigo Snake
FaranciaMud Snake
LiodytesGlossy Crayfish Snake
TantillaPlains Blackhead Snake
Mexican Blackhead Snake
Big Bend Blackhead Snake Southwestern Blackhead Snake Flat-headed Snake
SonoraGround Snake
TrimorphodonTexas Lined Snake
Texas Lyre Snake
VirginiaSmooth Earth Snake

Snakes by Colors and Patterns

Black Snakes: Southern Black Racer, Banded Water Snake,Black-striped Snake

Brown Snakes: Graham’s Crayfish Snake,Texas Brown Snake, Marsh Brown Snake

Green Snakes: Rough Green Snake, Smooth Green Snake, Mississippi Green Water Snake

Red Snakes: Texas Coral Snake

Blue Snakes: Texas Indigo Snake

Snakes by Regions

Snakes in North Texas: Western Ribbon Snake, Western Ratsnake

Snakes in South Texas: Texas Coral Snake, Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

Snakes in East Texas: Texas Brown Snake

Snakes in West Texas: Eastern Black-tailed Rattlesnake, Prairie Rattlesnake, Desert Massasauga

Snakes in Central Texas: Texas Garter Snake, Texas Lined Snake, Rough Green Snake

Quick Information

Biggest Snake: Texas Indigo Snake

Smallest Snake: Texas Blind Snake

Deadliest Snakes: Texas Coral Snake , Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, Mohave Rattlesnake