Snakes in Arkansas

In Arkansas, snakes are primarily active from April to November, not just during the day but also at night during summer, to hunt for their prey. Some venomous species inhabiting the state include the eastern copperhead and western diamond-backed rattlesnake, which are known to deliver around 350 mg of venom per bite.

To conserve the snakes, the Arkansas Games and Fish Commission has devised a law in which killing native snakes, even the venomous ones, is considered an offense. The exception lies only in the case of incidences if the snake in question has caused harm to an individual, their property, or pets.

Snakes Found in Arkansas

Venomous

  • Eastern Copperhead
  • Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake
  • Western Pigmy Rattlesnake
  • Timber Rattlesnake
  • Northern Cottonmouth
  • Eastern Hognose Snake
  • Texas Coral Snake

Non-venomous

  • Eastern Garter Snake
  • Scarlet Snake
  • Milk Snake
  • Eastern Racer Snake
  • Common Garter Snake
  • Western Ribbon Snake
  • Mississippi Green Water Snake
  • Plain-bellied Water Snake
  • Lined Snake
  • Ribbon Snake
  • Great Plains Rat Snake
  • Black Rat Snake
  • Midland Watersnake
  • Rough Green Snake
  • Banded Water Snake
  • Diamondback Water Snake
  • Coachwhip
  • Mud Snake
  • Common Watersnake
  • Queen Snake
  • Eastern Worm Snake
  • DeKay’s Brownsnake
  • Western Worm Snake
  • Prairie Kingsnake
  • Western Ground Snake
  • Western Milk Snake
  • Louisiana Milk Snake
  • Rough Earth Snake
  • Graham’s Crayfish Snake
  • Eastern Brown Snake
  • Ring-necked Snake
  • Glossy Crayfish Snake
  • Smooth Earth Snake
  • Flat-headed Snake
  • Speckled Kingsnake
GroupsVenomousNon-venomous
King Snakes `Speckled Kingsnake
Prairie Kingsnake
Milk Snake Western
Milk Snake Louisiana
Milk Snake
Water SnakesNorthern CottonmouthMississippi Green
Water Snake
Plain-bellied Water Snake Midland Watersnake
Banded Water Snake
Diamondback Water Snake Common Watersnake  
Rat SnakesGreat Plains Rat Snake
Black Rat Snake
Garter SnakesEastern Garter Snake
Common Garter Snake
Ribbon Snake Western
Ribbon Snake
Pit VipersEastern Copperhead
RattlesnakesWestern Pigmy Rattlesnake Timber Rattlesnake Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake
Coral SnakesTexas Coral Snake
Earth SnakesRough Earth Snake
Smooth Earth Snake
Hognose SnakesEastern Hognose Snake
Ground SnakesWestern Ground Snake
Crayfish SnakesQueen Snake
Graham’s Crayfish Snake
Glossy Crayfish Snake
Whip SnakesCoachwhip
OpheodrysRough Green Snake
PseudonajaEastern Brown Snake  
TantillaFlathead Snake
StoreriaDeKay’s Brown Snake
Cemphora Scarlet Snake
Coluber Eastern Racer Snake
Farancia Mud Snake
Diadophis Ring-necked Snake
Spilotes Chicken Snake
Carphophis Eastern Worm Snake
Western Worm Snake

Snakes by Colors and Patterns

Black Snakes: Black Rat Snake, Western Worm Snake, Ribbon Snake, Graham’s Crayfish Snake

Brown Snakes: DeKay’s Brown Snake, Eastern Brown Snake, Midland Watersnake

Snakes by Regions

Snakes in Northern Arkansas: Rough Green Snake, Northern Cottonmouth

Snakes in Southern Arkansas: Texas Coral Snake

Quick Information

Largest Snake: Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake

Smallest Snake: Western Worm Snake

Most Venomous Snakes: Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake, Eastern Copperhead, Northern Cottonmouth