Snakes in West Virginia

West Virginia has about 20 snake species, of which the timber rattlesnake and northern copperhead are venomous. The timber rattlesnake, West Virginia’s official state reptile since 2008, is not quite commonly found here, mainly inhabiting the mountainous terrain. The northern copperhead, on the other hand, is more commonly spotted, dwelling along deciduous forests and rocky outcrops. The black rat snake, West Virginia’s largest attain a length of between 4 and 6 feet, while some may be about 8 feet long.

Snakes in West Virginia (WV)
RattlesnakesTimber Rattlesnake
Pit VipersNorthern Copperhead
Water SnakesCommon Watersnake
KingsnakesEastern Kingsnake
Eastern Black Kingsnake
Eastern Milksnake
Garter SnakesEastern Ribbon Snake
Eastern Garter Snake
Hognose SnakesEastern Hog-nosed Snake
DiadophisNorthern Ring-necked Snake
ColuberNorthern Black Racer
VirginiaMountain Earthsnake
Eastern Smooth Earthsnake
CarphophisEastern Worm Snake
OpheodrysNorthern Rough Greensnake

Black Rat Snake
PseudonajaNorthern Brown Snake
PituophisNorthern Pine Snake
Storeria Northern Redbelly Snake
ReginaQueen Snake

Snakes by Colors and Patterns

Black Snakes: Northern Black Racer, Black Rat Snake, Eastern Black Kingsnake

Quick Information

Biggest Snakes: Black Rat Snake