Snakes in Ohio

Ohio has three venomous snake species; the most venomous timber rattlesnake occupies the state’s southeastern part. The eastern massasauga inhabits 28 counties of Ohio, mainly concentrated in the northeastern and northwestern parts. The copperhead snake, the other venomous snake, dwells in southeastern Ohio’s rocky and woody habitats. The biggest snake is the black rat snake, 42 -84 inches long. The state’s smallest snake, the northern redbelly, measures around 8-11 inches.

Snakes in Ohio (OH)
RattlesnakesTimber Rattlesnake
Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake
Pit VipersEastern Copperhead
Water Snakes Plain-bellied Watersnake
Garter SnakesEastern Garter Snake
Plains Garter Snake
Butler’s Garter Snake
Ribbon Snake
KingsnakesEastern Milk Snake
Black Kingsnake
Hognose SnakesEastern Hognose Snake
CarphophisEastern Wormsnake
Midwestern Wormsnake
StoreriaNorthern Red Belly Snake DeKay’s Brown Snake
ClonophisKirtland’s Snake
OpheodrysRough Green Snake
Smooth Green Snake
PantherophisBlack Rat Snake
Gray Rat Snake
Eastern Fox Snake
VirginiaEastern Smooth Earth Snake
ColuberEastern Racer
Blue Racer
DiadophisRing-necked Snake
ReginaQueen Snake

Snakes by Colors and Patterns

Black Snakes: Black Kingsnake, Black Rat Snake, Butler’s Garter Snake

Brown Snakes: DeKay’s Brown Snake, Eastern Garter Snake, Eastern Hognose Snake

Striped Snakes: Eastern Garter Snake,Plains Garter Snake,Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

Snakes by Regions

Snakes in Northern Ohio: Plain-bellied Watersnake, Eastern Milk Snake, Rough Green Snake

Snakes in Southern Ohio: Timber Rattlesnake, Eastern Black Kingsnake, Eastern Copperhead, Eastern Milksnake

Snakes in Central Ohio: Eastern Milksnake

Quick Information

Biggest Snakes: Black Rat Snake

Smallest Snakes: Northern Redbelly Snake

Most Dangerous Snake: Timber Rattlesnake