Snakes in Kansas

Kansas has around 42 snake species, of which about 14 occur uniformly throughout the state. While nine have a western distribution, eleven mainly inhabit the eastern region. The Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks, and Tourism designates around ten as threatened or in need of conservation, like the glossy snake, plains hog-nosed snake, and long-nosed snake. The gopher snake, 6 feet long in the woodlands and prairie areas, is Kansas’ largest. 

Snakes in Kansas (KS)
KingsnakesPrairie Kingsnake
Common Kingsnake
Speckled Kingsnake
Eastern Milksnake
Western Milksnake
Central Plains Milksnake
RattlesnakesTimber Rattlesnake
Prairie Rattlesnake
Western Massasauga
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
Water SnakesNorthern CottonmouthDiamond-backed Watersnake
Common Watersnake
Plainbelly Water Snake
Ground SnakesWestern Ground Snake
Pit VipersBroad-banded Copperhead
Eastern Copperhead
Garter SnakesPlains Gartersnake
Common Gartersnake
Checkered Gartersnake
Western Ribbon Snake
Whip SnakesCoachwhip
Rat SnakesGreat Plains Ratsnake
Western Ratsnake
Black Rat Snake
Hognose Snakes Plains Hog-nosed Snake
Dusty Hog-nosed Snake
Eastern Hog-nosed Snake
Western Hog-nosed Snake
OpheodrysRough Greensnake
Smooth Greensnake  
DiadophisRing-necked snake
ArizonaGlossy Snake
RhinocheilusLong-nosed Snake
TantillaFlat-headed Snake
Plains black-headed Snake  
Tropidoclonion  Lined Snake
StoreriaDekay’s Brownsnake
Redbelly Snake
HypsiglenaChihuahuan Night Snake
ReginaGraham’s Crayfish Snake
PituophisGopher Snake
CarphophisWestern Worm Snake

Snakes by Colors and Patterns

Black Snakes: Black Rat Snake, Plains Black-headed Snake, Western Ribbon Snake

Brown Snakes: DeKay’s Brownsnake, Common Gartersnake

Snakes by Regions

Snakes in Northern Kansas: Western Massasauga

Snakes in Southern Kansas: Eastern Milksnake, Cottonmouth, Coachwhip Snake

Snakes in Eastern Kansas: Eastern Hog-nosed Snake,Timber Rattlesnake, Eastern Copperhead

Snakes in Western Kansas: Common Garter Snake, Western Milksnake, Coachwhip

Quick Information

Largest Snake: Gopher Snake

Smallest Snake: Western Worm Snake