Snakes in Afghanistan

Afghanistan is home to several venomous species, including vipers, cobras, and pit vipers. When speaking about the deadliest snakes, the carpet viper ranks high in the list, followed by the Caspian cobra and the Siberian Pit viper. The Indian cobra snake and the Caspian cobra reaching lengths of 6 feet on average, are the biggest snakes here.

Snakes Found in Afghanistan

Venomous

  • Indian Cobra Snake
  • Caspian Cobra
  • Saw-scaled Viper
  • Northeast African Carpet Viper
  • Siberian Pit Viper
  • Central Asian Pit Viper
  • Blunt-nosed Viper
  • Indian Desert Cat Snake
  • Bengali Krait
  • McMohan’s Viper
  • Persian Horned Viper

Non-venomous

  • Spotted Whip Snake
  • Blanford’s Worm Snake
  • European Blind Snake
  • Central Asian Sand Boa
  • Indian Sand Boa
  • Dwarf Sand Boa
  • Indian Gamma Snake
  • Steppe Ratsnake
  • Checkered Keelback
  • Dice Snake
  • Northern Wolf Snake
  • Streaked Kukri Snake
  • Braid Snake
  • Glossy-bellied Racer
  • Pakistan Sand Racer
  • Steppe Ribbon Racer
  • Schokari Sand Racer
  • Dark-headed Dwarf Racer
  • Oriental Ratsnake
  • Diadem Snake 
GroupsVenomousNon-venomous
Whip SnakesSpotted Whip Snake

Myriopholis  
Blanford’s Worm Snake
NajaIndian Cobra Snake
Caspian Cobra

Echis
Saw-scaled Viper
Northeast African Carpet Viper

Xerotyphlops  
European Blind Snake

Gloydius  
Siberian Pit Viper
Central Asian Pit Viper
MacroviperaBlunt-nosed Viper
EryxCentral Asian Sand Boa
Indian Sand Boa
Dwarf Sand Boa  
BoigaIndian Gamma Snake
ElapheSteppe Ratsnake

Fowlea  
Checkered Keelback
NatrixDice Snake
LycodonNorthern Wolf Snake
OligodonStreaked Kukri Snake
PlaycepsBraid Snake
Glossy-bellied Racer
PsammophisPakistan Sand Racer
Steppe Ribbon Racer
Schokari Sand Racer

Telescopus
Indian Desert Cat Snake
PseudocyclophisDark-headed Dwarf Racer
PtyasOriental Ratsnake
SpalerosophisDiadem Snake
BungarusBengali Krait
EristicophisMcMohan’s Viper
PseudocerastesPersian Horned Viper