Snakes in Rhode Island

Rhode Island has only twelve snake species, all of which are non-venomous. Though venomous snakes like the timber rattle and copperhead inhabit the neighboring states of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and southern New England, no traces remain in the state. However, the timber rattlesnake, the only venomous species to have dwelt here, disappeared from Rhode Island around 50 years ago.

The non-venomous snakes mainly inhabit the coastal regions but occur elsewhere, too, including woodlands, grasslands, marshes, and meadows. The eastern rat snake, the state’s largest, is mainly found in the southwestern part of Rhode Island in the Exeter and Hopkinton towns.

Snakes in Rhode Island (RI)
Garter SnakesEastern Garter Snake
Eastern Ribbon Snake
Water SnakesCommon Watersnake  
Hognose SnakesEastern Hog-nosed Snake  
KingsnakesEastern Milksnake  
ColuberNorthern Black Racer
Pantherophis  Eastern Rat Snake
CarphophisEastern Worm Snake

DeKay’s Brown Snake
Northern Redbelly Snake  
OpheodrysSmooth Green Snake
DiadophisNorthern Ringneck Snake